Estland Vs Lettland Was wir am neuen, grenzenlosen Europa haben
Lettland und Estland vergleichen: Demografie, Wirtschaft, Energie, Sprachen und weitere Gegenüberstellungen. Lettland liegt in der Mitte der Baltischen Staaten. Es besitzt nicht nur drei bedeutendene Ostseehäfen, sondern auch ein dichtes Straßennetz mit guten. Die drei baltischen Staaten Estland, Lettland und Litauen haben uns positiv überrascht. Mehr über unsere ersten Eindrücke aus Tallinn, Riga. Estland, Lettland und Litauen bilden gemeinsam das Baltikum. Da die Unterschiede zwischen den drei Staaten aber recht gross sind, lehnen. Das Baltikum (lateinisch Balticum) ist ein Gebiet in Europa, zu dem heute die Staaten Estland, Lettland und Litauen gerechnet werden. Um v. Chr. gab es Beutezüge der Skythen und Einfluss der Latène-Kultur. Zwischen v. Chr. und.
Rundreise mit Übernachtungen in Vilnius (Litauen), Riga (Lettland) und Tallinn (Estland). Das Baltikum (lateinisch Balticum) ist ein Gebiet in Europa, zu dem heute die Staaten Estland, Lettland und Litauen gerechnet werden. Um v. Chr. gab es Beutezüge der Skythen und Einfluss der Latène-Kultur. Zwischen v. Chr. und. In Estland und Lettland werden Ex-Sowjetbürger systematisch benachteiligt, vor allem russischsprachige. Die "Nichtbürger" stehen unter.
Estland Vs Lettland VideoFahrradabenteuer: Russland, Estland, Lettland, Litauen, Kaliningrad, Polen, Deutschland
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Estland Vs Lettland InhaltsverzeichnisLettlands Hauptstadt ist Riga: Sehr lebendig und in ihrer reichen Australien Geld Vergangenheit geprägt von Ordensrittern und wohlhabenden Kaufleuten, mit prächtigen teils mittelalterlichen Bauten und vielen Grünanlagen. Litauen ist seit Das Schwarzhäupterhaus und die St. Die am Zusammenfluss von Neris und Vilia hübsch gelegene Hauptstadt Litauens ist, was ihren alten Stadtkern betrifft, eine kulturhistorische Sehenswürdigkeit ersten Ranges. Und in den Kiefernwäldern der Read article Nehrung kann man mächtige Elche mit ihrem eindrucksvollen Schaufelgeweih sehen. Viele Strassen sind mit EU Fördergeldern gebaut oder verbessert worden. Ich möchte eine Versicherung auswählen. Das stimmt. Estland hat etwa 1.
Estland Vs Lettland VideoElina Born & Stig Rästa - Goodbye To Yesterday (Estonia) - LIVE at Eurovision 2015 Grand Final Wer ins Baltikum reist, sucht keine Erholung. Die Tour de Force durch Estland, Lettland und Litauen ist genau das Richtige für wissbegierige. Rundreise mit Übernachtungen in Vilnius (Litauen), Riga (Lettland) und Tallinn (Estland). Die drei Länder an der Ostsee – Lettland, Litauen und Estland – überraschen mit ihren Kontrasten und erinnern an die gemeinschaftliche. In Estland und Lettland werden Ex-Sowjetbürger systematisch benachteiligt, vor allem russischsprachige. Die "Nichtbürger" stehen unter. Petersburg passierten. Verbreitung Litauen ist malaria-frei. Zu Jahresbeginn unterzeichneten die drei baltischen Staaten das Rail-Baltika-Abkommen, in welchem der genaue Streckenverlauf, die technischen Daten und Fristen festgesetzt Online Test Lufthansa. Europa Fernreise Deutschland Städtereise Reisewetter. Kurzkreuzfahrt bis zum "Venedig des Nordens" Kulinarisches Verwöhnprogramm. Die Hauptferienzeit geht von Juni bis August. Ein einsamer Kirchturm, ein verwaister Friedhof, verkommene Gehöfte, eine dünne Rauchfahne oder eine bettelnde Babuschka an der Bushaltestelle lassen gelegentlich Leben in der Provinz vermuten.
It is the lowest rate since November of , mainly due to a 4. On the other hand, the biggest upward pressure came from cost of food 3.
On a monthly basis, consumer prices rose 0. Latvia Inflation Rate Rises to 2. On a monthly basis, consumer prices edged up 0.
Latvia Inflation Rate. In Latvia, the most important category in the consumer price index is Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages Housing and Utilities accounts for Compare Inflation Rate by Country.
Latvia Economy Contracts for 1st time in Over 9 Years. Latvia Posts Smallest Trade Gap since Colombia Inflation Rate Lowest since The Government of Estonia is formed by the Prime Minister of Estonia at recommendation of the President, and approved by the Riigikogu.
The government, headed by the Prime Minister, represent the political leadership of the country and carry out domestic and foreign policy.
Ministers head ministries and represent its interests in the government. Sometimes ministers with no associated ministry are appointed, known as ministers without portfolio.
The head of the state is the President who has primarily representative and ceremonial role. The president is elected by the Riigikogu, or by a special electoral college.
The President proclaims the laws passed in the Riigikogu, and has right to refuse proclamation and return law in question for a new debate and decision.
If Riigikogu passes the law unamended, then the President has right to propose to the Supreme Court to declare the law unconstitutional.
The President also represents the country in international relations. The Constitution of Estonia also provides possibility for direct democracy through referendum, although since adoption of the constitution in the only referendum has been the referendum on European Union membership in Estonia has pursued the development of the e-government , with 99 percent of the public services being available on the web 24 hours a day.
In the most recent parliamentary elections of , five parties gained seats at Riigikogu. The Constitution of Estonia is the fundamental law, establishing the constitutional order based on five principles: human dignity, democracy, rule of law, social state, and the Estonian identity.
The first instance are county courts which handle all criminal and civil cases, and administrative courts which hear complaints about government and local officials, and other public disputes.
The second instance are district courts which handle appeals about the first instance decisions. Estonia is an unitary country with a single-tier local government system.
Local affairs are managed autonomously by local governments. Since administrative reform in , there are in total 79 local governments, including 15 towns and 64 rural municipalities.
All municipalities have equal legal status and form part of a county , which is a state administrative unit. The council appoints local government, headed by a mayor.
For additional decentralization the local authorities may form municipal districts with limited authority, currently those have been formed in Tallinn and Hiiumaa.
Separately from administrative units there are also settlement units : village, small borough, borough, and town. Generally, villages have less than , small boroughs have between —, boroughs and towns have over inhabitants.
Estonia was a member of the League of Nations from 22 September , and became a member of the United Nations on 17 September Since the early s, Estonia has been involved in active trilateral Baltic states co-operation with Latvia and Lithuania, and Nordic-Baltic co-operation with the Nordic countries.
The beginning of the attempt to redefine Estonia as "Nordic" was seen in December , when then Estonian foreign minister and President of Estonia from until Toomas Hendrik Ilves delivered a speech entitled "Estonia as a Nordic Country" to the Swedish Institute for International Affairs ,  with potential political calculation behind it being wish to distinguish Estonia from more slowly progressing southern neighbours, which could have postponed early participation in European Union enlargement for Estonia too.
Relations with Russia remain generally cold, though there is some practical co-operation. The Estonian Defence Forces consist of land forces , navy , and air force.
The current national military service is compulsory for healthy men between ages of 18 and 28, with conscripts serving 8 or month tours of duty, depending on their education and position provided by the Defence Forces.
The planned wartime size of the Defence Forces is 60, personnel, including 21, personnel in high readiness reserve.
The Estonian Defence League is a voluntary national defence organisation under management of Ministry of Defence. It is organized based on military principles, has its own military equipment, and provides various different military training for its members, including in guerilla tactics.
The Defence League has 16, members, with additional 10, volunteers in its affiliated organisations. Estonia co-operates with Latvia and Lithuania in several trilateral Baltic defence co-operation initiatives.
Estonia joined NATO in Since Estonia has participated in numerous international security and peacekeeping missions, including: Afghanistan , Iraq , Lebanon , Kosovo , and Mali.
Beginning 1 January , Estonia adopted the euro and became the 17th eurozone member state. Because of the global economic recession that began in , the GDP of Estonia decreased by 1.
The Estonian government made a supplementary negative budget, which was passed by Riigikogu. The revenue of the budget was decreased for by EEK 6.
The country has been experiencing economic growth ever since. The unemployment rate in March was 6. Estonia's economy continues to benefit from a transparent government and policies that sustain a high level of economic freedom , ranking 6th globally and 2nd in Europe.
A simplified tax system with flat rates and low indirect taxation, openness to foreign investment, and a liberal trade regime have supported the resilient and well-functioning economy.
In , a stable currency, the kroon , was established. It is issued by the Bank of Estonia , the country's central bank.
The kroon succeeded the mark in and was used until After Estonia regained its independence, the kroon was reintroduced in Since re-establishing independence , Estonia has styled itself as the gateway between East and West and aggressively pursued economic reform and integration with the West.
The rate is set by the Local Council within the limits of 0. It is one of the most important sources of funding for municipalities.
Very few exemptions are considered on the land value tax and even public institutions are subject to the tax.
In , Estonia experienced its worst year economically since it regained independence in , largely because of the impact of the Russian financial crisis.
With assistance from the European Union, the World Bank and the Nordic Investment Bank , Estonia completed most of its preparations for European Union membership by the end of and now has one of the strongest economies of the new member states of the European Union.
Although Estonia is in general resource-poor, the land still offers a large variety of smaller resources. Significant quantities of rare-earth oxides are found in tailings accumulated from 50 years of uranium ore , shale and loparite mining at Sillamäe.
Since , public debate has discussed whether Estonia should build a nuclear power plant to secure energy production after closure of old units in the Narva Power Plants , if they are not reconstructed by the year Food, construction, and electronic industries are currently among the most important branches of Estonia's industry.
In some areas the coastal seawater is polluted, mainly around the Sillamäe industrial complex. Estonia is a dependent country in the terms of energy and energy production.
In recent years many local and foreign companies have been investing in renewable energy sources.
Currently [ when? The electricity market as whole will be liberalised by Together with Lithuania, Poland, and Latvia, the country considered participating in constructing the Visaginas nuclear power plant in Lithuania to replace the Ignalina.
Estonia has a strong information technology sector , partly owing to the Tiigrihüpe project undertaken in the mids, and has been mentioned as the most "wired" and advanced country in Europe in the terms of e-Government of Estonia.
It is even claimed that Estonia has the most startups per person in world. The Estonian electricity network forms a part of the Nord Pool Spot network.
Estonia has had a market economy since the end of the s and one of the highest per capita income levels in Eastern Europe. Several cryptocurrency trading platforms are officially recognised by the government, such as CoinMetro.
In , however, a large current account deficit and rising inflation put pressure on Estonia's currency , which was pegged to the Euro, highlighting the need for growth in export-generating industries.
Estonia exports mainly machinery and equipment, wood and paper, textiles, food products, furniture, and metals and chemical products.
Between and , Estonia received The share of Baltic Germans in Estonia had fallen from 5. At the end of the s, Estonians [ who?
Modern Estonia is a fairly ethnically heterogeneous country, but this heterogeneity is not a feature of much of the country as the non-Estonian population is concentrated in two of Estonia's counties.
Russians make up The Estonian Cultural Autonomy law that was passed in was unique in Europe at that time. Before the Soviet occupation , the Germans and Jewish minorities managed to elect a cultural council.
Historically, large parts of Estonia's northwestern coast and islands have been populated by indigenous ethnically Rannarootslased Coastal Swedes.
In recent years the numbers of Coastal Swedes has risen again, numbering in almost people, owing to the property reforms in the beginning of the s.
In , the Ingrian Finnish minority in Estonia elected a cultural council and was granted cultural autonomy.
The Estonian Swedish minority similarly received cultural autonomy in Estonian society has undergone considerable changes over the last twenty years, one of the most notable being the increasing level of stratification, and the distribution of family income.
The Gini coefficient has been steadily higher than the European Union average 31 in ,  although it has clearly dropped. The registered unemployment rate in January was 7.
Modern Estonia is a multinational country in which languages are spoken, according to a census. The United Nations Human Rights Council report called "extremely credible" the description of the citizenship policy of Estonia as "discriminatory".
Estonian Russians have developed their own identity — more than half of the respondents recognised that Estonian Russians differ noticeably from the Russians in Russia.
When comparing the result with a survey from , then Russians' attitude toward the future is much more positive. Estonia has been the first post-Soviet republic that has legalised civil unions of same-sex couples.
The law was approved in October and came into effect 1 January Tallinn is the capital and the largest city of Estonia, and lies on the northern coast of Estonia, along the Gulf of Finland.
There are 33 cities and several town-parish towns in the country. In total, there are 47 linn a, with "linn" in English meaning both "cities" and "towns".
The 20 largest cities are listed below:. Estonia has a rich and diverse religious history, but in recent years it has become increasingly secular, with either a plurality or a majority of the population declaring themselves nonreligious in recent censuses, followed by those who identify as religiously "undeclared".
The largest minority groups are the various Christian denominations , principally Lutheran and Orthodox Christians, with very small numbers of adherents in non-Christian faiths, namely Judaism , Islam and Buddhism.
In ancient Estonia, prior to Christianization and according to Livonian Chronicle of Henry , Tharapita was the predominant deity for the Oeselians.
Estonia was Christianised by the Catholic Teutonic Knights in the 13th century. The Protestant Reformation led to the establishment of the Lutheran church in Many Estonians profess not to be particularly religious, because religion through the 19th century was associated with German feudal rule.
Today, Estonia's constitution guarantees freedom of religion, separation of church and state, and individual rights to privacy of belief and religion.
Other organisations, such as the World Council of Churches, report that there are as many as , Estonian Lutherans.
However, the census indicated that Eastern Orthodoxy had surpassed Lutheranism, accounting for Eastern Orthodoxy is practised chiefly by the Russian minority.
Roman Catholics are a small minority in Estonia. They are organised under the Latin Apostolic Administration of Estonia. According to the census of data in table to the right , there were about 1, adherents of the Taara faith    or Maausk in Estonia see Maavalla Koda.
The Jewish community has an estimated population of about 1, see History of the Jews in Estonia , and the Muslim community numbers just over 1, Around 68, people consider themselves atheists.
The official language, Estonian , belongs to the Finnic branch of the Uralic languages. Estonian is closely related to Finnish, spoken in Finland, across the other side of the Gulf of Finland , and is one of the few languages of Europe that is not of an Indo-European origin.
Despite some overlaps in the vocabulary due to borrowings, in terms of its origin, Estonian and Finnish are not related to their nearest geographical neighbours, Swedish , Latvian , and Russian, which are all Indo-European languages.
Although the Estonian and Germanic languages are of very different origins, one can identify many similar words in Estonian and German, for example.
This is primarily because the Estonian language has borrowed nearly one third of its vocabulary from Germanic languages , mainly from Low Saxon Middle Low German during the period of German rule , and High German including standard German.
The percentage of Low Saxon and High German loanwords can be estimated at 22—25 percent, with Low Saxon making up about 15 percent.
South Estonian languages are spoken by , people and include the dialects of Võro and Seto. The languages are spoken in South-Eastern Estonia, are genealogically distinct from northern Estonian: but are traditionally and officially considered as dialects and "regional forms of the Estonian language", not separate language s.
Russian is by far the most spoken minority language in the country. There are towns in Estonia with large concentrations of Russian speakers and there are towns where Estonian speakers are in the minority especially in the northeast, e.
Russian is spoken as a secondary language by forty- to seventy-year-old ethnic Estonians, because Russian was the unofficial language of the Estonian SSR from to and taught as a compulsory second language during the Soviet era.
From the 13th to the 20th century, there were Swedish-speaking communities in Estonia, particularly in the coastal areas and on the islands e.
The Swedish-speaking minority was represented in parliament, and entitled to use their native language in parliamentary debates.
From to , when Estonia was independent, the small Swedish community was well treated. Municipalities with a Swedish majority, mainly found along the coast, used Swedish as the administrative language and Swedish-Estonian culture saw an upswing.
However, most Swedish-speaking people fled to Sweden before the end of World War II, that is, before the invasion of Estonia by the Soviet army in Only a handful of older speakers remain.
The most common foreign languages learned by Estonian students are English, Russian, German, and French. Other popular languages include Finnish, Spanish, and Swedish.
The history of formal education in Estonia dates back to the 13th and 14th centuries when the first monastic and cathedral schools were founded.
In , university courses were first taught in the Estonian language. Today's education in Estonia is divided into general, vocational, and hobby.
The education system is based on four levels: pre-school, basic, secondary, and higher education.
The Estonian education system consists of state, municipal, public, and private institutions. There are currently schools in Estonia.
According to the Programme for International Student Assessment , the performance levels of gymnasium-age pupils in Estonia is among the highest in the world: in , the country was ranked 13th for the quality of its education system, well above the OECD average.
Academic higher education in Estonia is divided into three levels: bachelor's, master's, and doctoral studies.
In some specialties basic medical studies, veterinary, pharmacy, dentistry, architect-engineer, and a classroom teacher programme the bachelor's and master's levels are integrated into one unit.
In addition to organising the academic life of the university, universities can create new curricula, establish admission terms and conditions, approve the budget, approve the development plan, elect the rector, and make restricted decisions in matters concerning assets.
The Estonian Academy of Sciences is the national academy of science. The first computer centres were established in the late s in Tartu and Tallinn.
Estonian specialists contributed in the development of software engineering standards for ministries of the Soviet Union during the s.
According to New Scientist , Estonia will be the first nation to provide personal genetic information service sponsored by the state.
They aim to minimise and prevent future ailments for those whose genes make them extra prone to conditions like adult-onset diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
The government plans to provide lifestyle advice based on the DNA for , of its 1. The culture of Estonia incorporates indigenous heritage, as represented by the Estonian language and the sauna , with mainstream Nordic and European cultural aspects.
Because of its history and geography, Estonia's culture has been influenced by the traditions of the adjacent area's various Finnic, Baltic, Slavic and Germanic peoples as well as the cultural developments in the former dominant powers Sweden and Russia.
Today, Estonian society encourages liberty and liberalism, with popular commitment to the ideals of the limited government, discouraging centralised power and corruption.
The Protestant work ethic remains a significant cultural staple, and free education is a highly prized institution.
Like the mainstream culture in the other Nordic countries, Estonian culture can be seen to build upon the ascetic environmental realities and traditional livelihoods, a heritage of comparatively widespread egalitarianism out of practical reasons see: Everyman's right and universal suffrage , and the ideals of closeness to nature and self-sufficiency see: summer cottage.
The Estonian Academy of Arts Estonian: Eesti Kunstiakadeemia , EKA is providing higher education in art, design, architecture, media, art history and conservation while Viljandi Culture Academy of University of Tartu has an approach to popularise native culture through such curricula as native construction, native blacksmithing, native textile design, traditional handicraft and traditional music, but also jazz and church music.
The older folksongs are also referred to as regilaulud , songs in the poetic metre regivärss the tradition shared by all Baltic Finns.
Runic singing was widespread among Estonians until the 18th century, when rhythmic folk songs began to replace them. Traditional wind instruments derived from those used by shepherds were once widespread, but are now becoming again more commonly played.
Other instruments, including the fiddle , zither , concertina , and accordion are used to play polka or other dance music. The kannel is a native instrument that is now again becoming more popular in Estonia.
The tradition of Estonian Song Festivals Laulupidu started at the height of the Estonian national awakening in Today, it is one of the largest amateur choral events in the world.
In , about , people participated in the Song Festival. The last festival took place in July In addition, Youth Song Festivals are also held every four or five years, the last of them in In the s, Estonian baritone Georg Ots rose to worldwide prominence as an opera singer.
In popular music, Estonian artist Kerli Kõiv has become popular in Europe, as well as gaining moderate popularity in North America.
She has provided music for the Disney film Alice in Wonderland and the television series Smallville in the United States of America.
In , Estonia hosted the event. Lenna Kuurmaa is a very popular singer in Europe, [ citation needed ] with her band Vanilla Ninja.
The Estonian literature refers to literature written in the Estonian language ca. The oldest records of written Estonian date from the 13th century.
Originates Livoniae in Chronicle of Henry of Livonia contains Estonian place names, words and fragments of sentences.
The Liber Census Daniae contains Estonian place and family names. The cultural stratum of Estonian was originally characterised by a largely lyrical form of folk poetry based on syllabic quantity.
Apart from a few albeit remarkable exceptions, this archaic form has not been much employed in later times. One of the most outstanding achievements in this field is the national epic Kalevipoeg.
At a professional level, traditional folk song reached its new heyday during the last quarter of the 20th century, primarily thanks to the work of composer Veljo Tormis.
Oskar Luts was the most prominent prose writer of the early Estonian literature, who is still widely read today, especially his lyrical school novel Kevade Spring.
The cinema of Estonia started in with the production of a newsreel about Swedish King Gustav V 's visit to Tallinn. Regular, live radio broadcasts began in December Deregulation in the field of electronic media has brought radical changes compared to the beginning of the s.
The first licences for private TV broadcasters were issued in The first private radio station went on the air in Today the media is a vibrant and competitive sector.
There is a plethora of weekly newspapers and magazines, and Estonians have a choice of 9 domestic TV channels and a host of radio stations.
The Constitution guarantees freedom of speech, and Estonia has been internationally recognised for its high rate of press freedom, having been ranked 3rd in the Press Freedom Index by Reporters Without Borders.
Estonia has two news agencies. The ETV24 is an agency owned by Eesti Rahvusringhääling who is a publicly funded radio and television organisation created on 30 June to take over the functions of the formerly separate Eesti Raadio and Eesti Televisioon under the terms of the Estonian National Broadcasting Act.
The architectural history of Estonia mainly reflects its contemporary development in northern Europe.
In addition, the country has several unique, more or less preserved hill forts dating from pre-Christian times, a large number of still intact medieval castles and churches, while the countryside is still shaped by the presence of a vast number of manor houses from earlier centuries.
As of [update] , there are 12 public holidays which come with a day off and 12 national holidays celebrated annually. Historically, the cuisine of Estonia has been heavily dependent on seasons and simple peasant food.
Today, it includes many typical international foods. The most typical foods in Estonia are black bread, pork, potatoes, and dairy products.
Hunting and fishing have also been very common, although currently hunting and fishing are enjoyed mostly as hobbies.
Today, it is also very popular to grill outside in summer. Traditionally in winter, jams, preserves, and pickles are brought to the table.
Gathering and preserving fruits, mushrooms, and vegetables for winter has always been popular, but today gathering and preserving is becoming less common because everything can be bought from stores.
However, preparing food for winter is still very popular in the countryside. Sport plays an important role in Estonian culture.
After declaring independence from Russia in , Estonia first competed as a nation at the Summer Olympics , although the National Olympic Committee was established in Estonian athletes took part of the Olympic Games until the country was annexed by the Soviet Union in The Summer Olympics Sailing regatta was held in the capital city Tallinn.
After regaining independence in , Estonia has participated in all Olympics. Estonia has won most of its medals in athletics , weightlifting , wrestling and cross-country skiing.
Estonia has had very good success at the Olympic games given the country's small population. Estonia's best results were being ranked 13th in the medal table at the Summer Olympics , and 12th at the Winter Olympics.
Paul Keres , Estonian and Soviet chess grandmaster, was among the world's top players from the mids to the mids.
He narrowly missed a chance at a World Chess Championship match on five occasions. Kiiking , a relatively new sport, was invented in by Ado Kosk in Estonia.
Basketball is also a notable sport in Estonia. The domestic top-tier basketball championship is called the Korvpalli Meistriliiga.
University of Tartu team has won the league a record 26 times. Estonian clubs also participate in European and regional competitions. Estonia national basketball team previously participated in Summer Olympics , appeared in EuroBasket four times.
Estonian national team also competed at the EuroBasket Kelly Sildaru , an Estonian freestyle skier, won the gold medal in the slopestyle event in the Winter X Games.
At age 13, she became the youngest gold medalist to date at a Winter X Games event, and the first person to win a Winter X Games medal for Estonia.
She has also won the women's slopestyle at and Winter Dew Tour. In modern-era motorsports, World Rally Championship has seen two very successful Estonian drivers, with Ott Tänak winning the drivers' world title in the World Rally Championship and Markko Märtin achieving 5 rally victories and finishing 3rd overall in the World Rally Championship.
This article is about the European country. For other uses, see Estonia disambiguation. For the language, see Estonian language.
The Supreme Court and one ministry are based in Tartu. According to the Constitution of Estonia , Estonian is the sole official language.
Russian is spoken in parts of Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn. Including 5. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas east of the Narva river including Ivangorod Jaanilinn.
Main article: Name of Estonia. Main article: History of Estonia. Main article: Swedish Estonia. Main article: Singing Revolution.
Main article: Geography of Estonia. Main article: Climate of Estonia. Main articles: Fauna of Estonia and Protected areas of Estonia.
Kersti Kaljulaid President. Jüri Ratas Prime Minister. Main articles: Law of Estonia and Constitution of Estonia.
Main articles: Foreign relations of Estonia and Diplomatic missions of Estonia. Main article: Economy of Estonia. Main article: Tallinn Stock Exchange.
The city of Valga Estonian aka Valka Latvian is now considered a double city; administratively, half of it is a city in Estonia and another half is a city in Latvia.
The river of Gauja was Koiva for Estonians, and so on. In the maelstrom of revolutionary thought that was the Russian revolution of , the national forefathers of both Estonia and Livonia saw it fit, and the rulers in Russia saw it not worth objecting, to rectify the ancient discrepancy between military zones of control and regions of ethnic domination.
A new border was constructed south of the old border, with the deliberate plan that most ethnic Estonians would remain north of the border, and most ethnic Latvians would remain south of the border.
With very few exceptions, this new inter- governiya line became the later Estonian-Latvian border. Nothing really changed in a revolutionary manner due to this reorganisation.
The revolution came only later, when the even more complicated times motivated the local government of Estonia, now formally Autonomous Governorate of Estonia , to go for declaring independence.
However, the discrepancy had gone. Thus, it is obvious that Estland ought to redirect to Estonia. However, given the former discrepancy, it merits disambiguation between the main earlier administrative regions of that name as well as a mention that Estland is the name of Estonia in Germanic languages.
The list of these older administrative regions should be echoed at the page of Estonia where it would clearly be of historical significance, and it should be elaborated on History of Estonia.
Most of the regions involved have their own main articles by now, though. There is no semantic difference between Estonia and Estland.
Estland is merely the Germanic name for Estonia. Estonia is merely the English and Russian, as it came name for Estland.
Because this is English Wikipedia, the main content regarding Estonia should be at Estonia , and Estland shouldn't be its duplicate.
Because there's an usage frequency difference, it may be useful to not make Estland mere redirect but a disambiguation page.
Digwuren , 31 May UTC. Am I right that we have sort of consensus here? Both Petri and Martinq agree that we need to have an article on the province.
The only difference is that Petri does not know what is the proper name and Martinq knows that it is Estländische Ritterschaft.
If this the consensus we could move Estland to Estländische Ritterschaft , move Estland disambiguation to Estland and that solves all the problem.
Am I right? In fact I wanted to discuss the proper name after and if we decide that we need the article on province, but lets discuss now if we are in the mood , 31 May UTC.
I really fail to see why this article is needed. Demographichs section clearly belongs to Reval Governorate and the rest of article contains minimal information and should be merged with History of Estonia as the fact that Estonia was divided to several administrative subdivisions can be and should be explained there.
This article itsselfly should be redirect to Estonia although I can also agree having it as disambiguation page. To make it clear what you are proposing, I have listed the two three options.
If you cannot support any one, please do not sign. Move the current content to a new name and move the content of Estland disambiguation to this name.
Delete or merge the current content to other article and move the content of Estland disambiguation to this name.
Keep the current content here and the dab page at Estland disambiguation. This looks to be consensus Lets put a deadline to it.
If there is no profound reason presented to void this result by Friday this page becomes a redirect to disambiguation at Estland disambiguation just because the name of that one follows convention for disambiguations.
Petri, your turn to say something. If you have nothing to say take anything you find worthy and put where you feel it belongs I've created the article Baltic Noble Corporations , which includes the Estonian part.
So now I think we can turn this page into an re-direct. Martintg , 7 June UTC. I've done a search in the Encyclopedia Brittanica, considered a reliable secondary source by Wikipedia, and there are no article for "Estland" .
All Petri could provide was a self published German website regarding Estländische Ritterschaft. Ofcourse the Estländische Ritterschaft would call it "Estländische", they are a German speaking organisation and "Estländische" is German for "Estonian"!
Martintg , 3 June UTC. Hi, I didn't really get it what's up with this Estland discussion here? Someone tries to alter the wiki Estland page?
This is English wikipedia, right? If you ask Russians it was "Estonskaja kubermang" or something.
So I can't see any reasons using German or Russian names for English wiki pages. That also sounds good to me if it was stated, the name is in German.
In case anybody is interested why in English traditionally German "Estland" is called Estonia. That is simply because back then when Estonians had to choose an official international name for their country, the reason Estland for English wasn't chosen was simply because Estonians were not too happy about the 7 centuries of the German rule in their homeland.
So they didn't want to use the same name as the Germans did. Therefor a Latin name was chosen, to differ it from Germans, how Estonians themselves would call their county aboard.
BTW, someone mentioned here something like Estonians have called themselves historically Ests.Russisch ist weit verbreitet. Der Bahnhof, vom St. Wir kennen die Strassenschilder article source können wieder alles lesen. Die Erfahre mehr darüber, wie deine Kommentardaten verarbeitet werden. Https://mcafeeactivation.co/casino-online-gambling/rb-gegen-kgln.php mehr Anbieter von ländlichen Ferienunterkünften sind dabei, sich auf die Wünsche der westlichen Besucher einzustellen. Fakten Https://mcafeeactivation.co/casino-online-spielen/beste-spielothek-in-winterstetten-finden.php